GROUP OF STATES AGAINST CORRUPTION (GRECO)

Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO) was established in 1999 to auditor Member States’ actions against corruption, from organized crimes and money laundering to ethical principles and rules of conduct, by Council of Europe. GRECO’s main objective is to evaluate and give advice to the Member States to enhance their fight against corruption; also, after the evaluation process by peer pressure GRECO ensures the applications of the outcomes. Membership of GRECO isn’t only for Council of Europe member states; any state may join via notifying Council of Europe if they took part elaboration of the enlarged partial agreement. Currently, GRECO has 49 Member States (48 European States and the United States of America). 

In the next summit of GRECO, representatives will mainly have two challenges to take both GRECO and their states one step ahead against corruption. Since the foundation of GRECO, Member States are required to compliance specific anti-corruption standards; however, there are still states that couldn’t fulfil these duties. In 1997, Committee of Ministers agreed upon twenty guiding principles for the fight against corruption and representatives will decide how to enhance and establish a more general framework to make Member States’ compliance with anti-corruption standards in 2020. The other challenge is corruptions through the political party funding and electoral campaign. There has been money laundering, transfer of sources from abroad and conflict of interests via donating money to parties or campaigns. Representatives will seek solutions to minimize corruptions through the political party funding and electoral campaign in the light of Committee of Ministers’ Recommendation Rec(2003)4.

Under-Secretary-General responsible for the committee: Muhammet Şakir Erer@eurosima.org 

Academic Assistant responsible for the committee: Sinan Akyolakyol@eurosima.org

Agenda Item I: Establishing a framework to increase Member States’ compliance with anti-corruption standards

Agenda Item II: Minimizing and tackling the corruption in the funding of political parties and electoral campaigns in consideration of Recommendation Rec(2003)4