GROUP OF STATES AGAINST CORRUPTION (GRECO)

Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO) was established in 1999 by the Council of Europe, to audit Member States’ actions against corruption: from organized crimes and money laundering to maintaining compliance to ethical principles and rules of conduct. GRECO’s main objective is to evaluate and give advice to the Member States in order for  them to enhance their already existent capacities against corruption. Furthermore, after the evaluation processes are conducted, GRECO ensures the applications of the outcomes by peer pressure. Being a member state in GRECO is not exclusive for the Council of Europe member states; any state may join via notifying CoE and if they comply with the enlarged partial agreement. Currently, GRECO has 50 Member States (48 European States, newly added Kazakhstan and the United States of America). 

In the next summit of GRECO, representatives will mainly have two challenges to take, as the biggest one of them being taking one step ahead against corruption. Since the foundation of GRECO, Member States are required to comply with specific anti-corruption standards; however, there are still some states that could not fulfil these duties. In 1997, Committee of Ministers agreed upon twenty guiding principles for fighting against corruption and according to this, representatives of GRECO in EUROsimA 2020 will decide how to enhance and establish a more general framework to increase Member States’ compliance with anti-corruption standards in 2020. Other challenge to face will be the ongoing corruption through the political party funding and electoral campaign. Participants will debate and try to solve problems such as money laundering, transfer of sources from abroad and conflict of interests via donating money to parties or campaigns. Representatives will seek solutions to minimize corruptions through the political party funding and electoral campaign in the light of Committee of Ministers’ Recommendation Rec(2003)4.

Under-Secretary-General responsible for the committee: Muhammet Şakir Erer@eurosima.org 

Academic Assistant responsible for the committee: Sinan Akyolakyol@eurosima.org

Agenda Item I: Establishing a framework to increase Member States’ compliance with anti-corruption standards

Agenda Item II: Minimizing and tackling the corruption in the funding of political parties and electoral campaigns in consideration of Recommendation Rec(2003)4